Meteorologic conditions in India

Climate of India

IndiaGeographical position

The primary area of the territory of India ( *apply for visa to india) is in the sub equatorial region. The primary feature of this place is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean gives rains to India. They intensify in early June on the western coast and in mid-June on the east coastline. When passing over the Arabian Sea and also the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and also move around in a northwest direction.



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Monsoon period

Rising above the Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons go at a pace of 5-7 m/s, causing heavy rain. Thunder storms fall on the hills of the hills in June. But later they calm down, and during the period from late September to mid-October rain falls commonly, end. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows from the land side. It makes the weather chilly and sunny.


Climatic seasons

According to data on thermal conditions, precipitation, as well as winds, we can divide the calendar year in three primary weather seasons.

In November – February, if the northeastern monsoon dominates, it is cold and sunshiny. In March, the temperature slowly increases.The dry season can last from the end of March to June. At the end of June, the humidity goes up. And also the climate of Indian plains will become rainy.The time from July to mid-September will be the summer monsoon time. This is a moment of wet tropical weather. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional time. The air humidity is high due to evaporation from the surface of the fields. Nevertheless the rains stop.


Contrast climate

There are differences in temperature as well as weather in several portions of India. The nation covers a large region, and every location has yet another terrain. Therefore, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t exceed 100 mm. At Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is around 10 770 mm of rainfall per year. It is one of the wettest spots on Earth.

The monsoon climate is attribute of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest period of time is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is fewer rain. The hottest time is from May to June. Yet even great heat are tolerated quite easily since the air is dried, relative humidity, in the morning, doesn’t go over 60%. Winds raise clouds of dust and also turn the horizon a dirty yellow.

The onset of the monsoon in June commences with the greater wind and cloud cover. The time lasts until September. During most times of the month, it rains often and lightly. The monthly rainfall in the wettest month – July exceeds 600 mm. Cloudy weather reduces the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the mountain tops of the Himalayas, the climate will depend on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes from 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimum temperature is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), as well as the average maximum temperature is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year continues from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the general maximum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). The summer monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you will see, the climate of India varies greatly based on the location, its distance from the Ocean, as well as its altitude. We could not compare Himalayan climate to other parts of India. These mountains are very high and have a unique weather.


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